A local resident, dismantling the wall in his house, found the entrance to a spacious underground room.

This mysterious and huge city under the earth was discovered only a few decades ago, and the history of the find resembles plots of adventure books.

This is how it happened. In 1963, in the village Derinkuyu (which in Turkish means well), a local resident decided to renovate his house. In dismantling the wall in his small dwelling, he was surprised to find the entrance to the spacious underground room and corridors leading deep down to numerous floors with well-ventilated rooms and access to fresh water.

Already in 1969, in the small village of Derinkuy, endless streams of tourists reached out, wishing to see the underground megalopolis built before our era. The city goes 60 meters deep.In his premises once found refuge 20 000 people. Under the ground, the inhabitants had the opportunity to keep cattle, and on numerous tiers there were workshops, mills, schools and rooms for prayers, and even cemeteries.

Over the past millenniums, no collapses and shedding of the stone inside the city did not happen. The builders of antiquity showed outstanding skill, cutting rooms and moves of the metropolis from the ductile volcanic tuff. This breed has excellent thermal insulation properties, and the temperature in the underground city is always kept at 11-15 ° C. Located in the metropolis of 20,000 residents used for heating and lighting lamps burning in linseed oil.

The landscape of Cappadocia, where Derinkuyu is located, has long attracted the attention of unusual cone-shaped formations. They originated from centuries-old layers of volcanic ash.

As it turned out, the depths of sun-dried Cappadocia are no less mysterious. Scientists assume that hundreds of underground cities are located in the region, of which only 6 are open today.

There are several theories about who was the founder of the mysterious underground city.According to one of them, the city was built in the XV century BC by the Anatolian Hittites.

According to another version, the catacombs were laid by the Persians - fans of fire. Mention of underground cities are found in the oldest sacred book of the Zoroastrians "Wendidad".

Around the 5th century, the underground metropolis became a refuge for Christians who did not want to betray their faith and submit to the decision of Emperor Julian the Apostate about the prohibition of Christianity. It was during this period that numerous tunnels were built, connecting the underground settlements of Cappadocia.

The premises of the city are a complex and intricate network of tunnels, halls and mines. Without a city plan, the uninitiated will hardly find access to the surface, lost in underground labyrinths.

From within, access to the tiers and private halls was blocked by large stone barriers resembling millstones. The weight of each such door is about 300 kg.

To this day, Derinkuy's secrets have not been completely revealed. It is assumed that the city is located on 12 floors, while it is studied and open to tourists only 8. It is quite possible that the underground levels are actually much larger,and one day, just as accidentally, as in 1963, a new entrance will be opened to unknown areas of the underground metropolis unknown to our contemporaries.

With the descent to each new floor, the ceilings become lower. Entrance to the room is possible only by crouching. On the lower tiers the ceiling height reaches 160 cm.

However, it is easy to breathe on all the layers of the underground city. 52 ventilation shafts go deep into the groundwater, while serving as wells. On the ground, the ventilation outlets are carefully disguised from the invasion of potential enemies and attempts to poison the water.

Those who visited Derinkuy with pleasure remember the excursion to the ancient city.



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