Campanulu - a bright decoration for your garden
If you like flowers, then surely appreciate such an interesting plant as Campanula.
Campanula or Campanula is a plant belonging to the Bellflower family, which has been known for a very long time and was found in the Mediterranean. Such a flower can be found in many countries of southern Europe, and it is actively cultivated and is considered very popular among gardeners. There are several species, but the most famous are Campanula ravnolistnaya (it is more suitable for home cultivation), terry, Carpathian and Blauranka.
The popular Campanula ravololistnaya has hanging shoots, reaching a length of 20-25 centimeters. The leaves are small, light green, they grow on long cuttings. Flowers resemble bells. The most common shades are white and blue, and such hybrids are often grown together and are associated with the bride and the groom.
The right place and soil
If you plan to grow Campanula at home, first select the appropriate soil. It should be fairly light and friable, ensuring the circulation of oxygen and preventing rotting of the roots. As a soil, you can use a mixture of equal parts of peat and leafy lands, as well as sand and humus.
It is important to choose a suitable place to place the pot. The plant is considered light-requiring, but does not tolerate the direct rays of the scorching sun. Ideal option will be the western or eastern window of the house or apartment, but it is desirable to block the opening with a curtain for shading. If there is not enough light, then supplement it with artificial lighting, including a lamp for at least a few hours a day.
Flower Campanula is suitable even for beginners, but it is important to know how to care for such a plant. It will feel comfortable and grow actively under the following conditions:
- Watering during the growing season should be regular, but moderate, so do not overmoisten the soil, but do not allow it to dry. Campanulu should be watered less often from mid-autumn to mid-spring.
- Temperature mode.The plant feels comfortable at a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, the figure can drop to 12-15 degrees.
- Humidity is not critical and is not an important condition. And yet if the air in the room is very dry, then the flower can be periodically sprayed with a spray bottle. You can also put a container with water next to the pot.
- Top dressing. In order for Campanula to grow and bloom faster, you can fertilize it twice a month with tools intended for decorative indoor plants. But it is necessary to carry out top dressing from the end of spring to the beginning of autumn.
Tip: plant transplants are not required, as it is one-year. But if Campanula quickly grows and does not fit in a pot, you can “move” it into a container of larger diameter.
In the wild, when cold weather sets in, a so-called rest period begins, at which all processes slow down and the plant falls into sleep. To create such conditions, the pot in the middle of autumn should be moved to a cool place and watering should be reduced to a minimum. Also priloshney will pruning sprouting sprouts. In April, the watering becomes more frequent, and the plant moves to its original location.
How to multiply?
Campanula is propagated in the following ways:
- Seeds. They are placed in a small amount of soil at the very beginning of spring. The soil is periodically sprayed for moisturizing. The sprouts are transplanted to a permanent place around the end of April or in May, when the shoots will have at least three full-fledged leaves.
- Cuttings. In the lower part of the plant you need to separate a healthy shoot. It is placed in a solution of potassium permanganate for several hours, after which it is planted in soil consisting of sand and peat. Rooting occurs rather quickly, and during this period the soil is only sprayed, but not watered. When the roots harden, you can move the escape to a larger pot.
- The division of the bush. Shrub is divided into the roots, the damaged areas can be sprinkled with ash. The separated part is planted, and the soil is moistened and fertilized.
Diseases and problems
If you provide the plant with the right care, it will grow and delight you with flowers. But when watering the soil or stagnant water in it, fungal diseases can develop, affecting the roots and stems and often leading to the death of the flower.Also, Campanula can be attacked by pests such as the spider mite and the scythe. For their destruction, specialized insecticides are used.
When growing, you can face such problems:
- If the stems are stretched and thinned, the plant most likely suffers from a lack of light. Try moving it to a well-lit place.
- If the leaves begin to darken and fade, this may be due to an excess of moisture. Requires reduced watering.
- Yellowed and brightened leaves can signal direct sunlight. The solution to the problem is shading.
- Slow growth and a small number of flowers may indicate poor soil. Try to apply fertilizer to the soil.
Let Campanula please you with its flowers! But for this, ensure that she is fully and properly cared for.
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