Chickenpox in adults: symptoms, treatment, incubation period
Chickenpox is an infectious disease that is considered childish. Sometimes this contagious disease appears in adults. It is transmitted to attack by airborne droplets from an infected or sick person. Consider adult chickenpox, symptoms, treatment and incubation period.
For infection with chickenpox virus, staying with a sick person in the same room is enough. In adults, the symptoms of the disease develop more dangerous and more acute than in children. If the disease is mild in children, adults experience moderate or severe illness. And the older the person, the higher the likelihood of complications.
The first signs of the disease
Before the appearance of rashes, a person infected with the virus of chickenpox has nonspecific symptoms that accompany almost all viral infections. Among them:
- Poor appetite;
- Dizziness and headache;
- Sleepiness in the middle of the day and sleeplessness in the middle of the night;
- Pain in the joints and muscles;
- Slight increase in temperature.
The first signs of chickenpox in adults do not differ from the herbal diseases in children except for the degree of severity. In adults, they are more pronounced.
Symptoms of chicken pox in adults
Chickenpox in an adult begins sharply and suddenly. These symptoms are often complemented by nausea and vomiting, which indicates the body intoxication. After a sharp rise in temperature, a rash appears.
- The rash begins with the body. They appear on the hips, abdomen, chest and shoulders, after rising higher, hitting the face and hair-covered part of the head. First, tiny red tubercles are formed, which are transformed into papules - transparent vesicles on a red base.
- Formations are easily destroyed and converted into wet sores, which are later covered with crusts. After two weeks, the crusts disappear. Since the formations with the liquid appear within 3-5 days, dry crusts, bumps and recently appeared red spots appear on the patient's body at the same time.
- In the field of view of the rash in addition to the skin often get mucous membranes.Skin lesions appear in the palate, tongue, cheeks, gums, and even genitals.
- In an adult with the disease lymph nodes react strongly, which increase in size and become painful. When not complicated by the course of the disease does not affect the internal organs.
Often, adults during testing will find out that there are antibodies to chickenpox in their blood. This means that a person had chickenpox in childhood, but the disease passed unnoticed and without symptoms.
The incubation period of chickenpox in adults
Contact with a person who turned out to be sick with chickenpox is not a reason for panic. The person becomes contagious before the appearance of a rash on the body, and it develops a few weeks after the infection.
Any infectious disease has a period of latent flow. At this point, an infection that has leaked into the body develops without clinical manifestations. This is an incubation period that precedes the onset of symptoms. In an adult, it takes place in three stages.
- Start. It starts from the moment of contact with an infected person, if the chickenpox manifested itself in acute form.Over the next two days, the virus takes root in the body.
- Development. At this point, the pathogen begins to multiply, resulting in increased levels of concentration. Initially, the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract is affected, after which peripheral infection is observed.
- Completion. Having replenished the ranks, the pathogen enters the bloodstream and starts the occupation of the body. The first in the field of view of the aggressor gets the skin, as evidenced by the appearance of a rash. As a result of active resistance of the immune system, antibodies are produced in the body, which leads to an increase in temperature, the appearance of indisposition and chills.
In an adult, the incubation period is 1-3 weeks. The temporal index is determined by the amount of virus leaked into the body, the degree of pathogen pathogenicity, and the state of the immune system.
Not always the incubation period takes place in three stages. According to doctors, often a person becomes a source of infection a week after infection. That's because the rate of reproduction of the pathogen remains unknown.
Chickenpox is very dangerous to others.If the incubation period is complete and there are no clinical manifestations, the person returns to the usual life, considering that the danger has passed. In doing so, it infects others.
There were cases when the disease proceeds in a latent form. A small amount of formations appear on the body. It is not enough to recognize chickenpox, but this does not deprive a person of the ability to infect others. The end of the incubation period is the appearance of the first signs.
With the incubation period of the disease figured out. Now consider the main stages, of which there are four. After reviewing the material, you will receive a full impression of how the illness proceeds.
- initial stage. There are symptoms that resemble a cold. It seems that a person has the flu. At the same time the condition of the patient worsens.
- Rash phase. Red spots and tiny bubbles containing fluid appear on the body. Often the number of formations in the hundreds. All this is accompanied by itching.
- Decay stage. The structure of the bubbles is destroyed.The formations dry up, and crusts appear on the surface. Body temperature drops, and the itching subsides.
- Final stage. Crusts fall away on their own, and the patient feels normal. Traces from formations disappear later.
When chickenpox is prohibited to comb the skin or rip off the bubbles. Otherwise, it will increase the likelihood of re-infection, the appearance of suppurations, scars and scars.
How to treat chickenpox
In adults, treatment of chickenpox at home is slightly different from pediatric therapy. Green skin formations are not treated, and the temperature is knocked down if it exceeds the level of 38.5 degrees.
Doctors advise taking antihistamines and lubricate the papules with Malavit. When chickenpox is important to prevent bacterial complications. In case of illness, they follow a diet based on the use of dairy and herbal products.
Drinking plays an important role in the fight against chickenpox. It is recommended to drink water, tea and herbal infusions more often. During the rash shower and bath are prohibited. It is allowed to wash after the papules have dried, but without using aggressive gels and sponges.
Folk remedies and methods of treatment at home
When chickenpox resort to traditional treatment. To speed up the moment of recovery, use of folk remedies, which have repeatedly proven effective in eliminating symptoms and help save.
- Healing Herbs. 10 g of chopped herbs Melissa, basil, chamomile and calendula pour a glass of boiled water, insist in a warm place for 15 minutes and filter. Two spoons means drink after breakfast and two more after dinner.
- Chicory root. Six tablespoons chopped chicory root pour a glass of boiling water and insist the broth. Take the drug in 20 g for five days.
- Mumie. In half a glass of warm water half a gram of mummy is dissolved. The resulting mixture is drunk in the morning before a meal. The tool has a tonic and anti-inflammatory effect.
- Green nuts. A glass of raw material is passed through a meat grinder, add a glass of honey and mix. The mixture is taken in a small spoon in the morning and in the evening. Store the medicine in the refrigerator.
- Shepherd's purse. 40 g of grass is poured with two cups of boiling water and infused for 2 hours.Then the mixture is divided into four parts and consumed in one part throughout the day. The remedy is especially effective if chickenpox is accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Before using any of the medicines described, be sure to consult your doctor. Reckless use of folk remedies at home can badly affect health and aggravate the situation.
In treating chickenpox in an adult, symptomatic methods are used, since a direct effect on the virus that has settled in the cell nucleus is not possible. The patient is recommended rest and bed rest. It is better to be in a cool and humid room. The high temperature in the room increases the production of sweat, which leads to increased itching and is fraught with infection of the rash.
- In order to control the new formations, the rash is treated with brilliant green. The labeled elements are repeatedly smeared with Calamine. To increase the rate of drying of the formations and the regeneration of the skin is used UV.
- Antihistamines Levocytirizine and Venistil help to combat itching. Pain syndrome is fought with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics containing paracetamol.
- Sometimes the doctor prescribes immunostimulating and antiviral drugs. Their list is presented by Interferon, Aflubin and Laferon.
- If a rash appears in the mouth, rinses are recommended using herbal antiseptics. Rotokan or Chlorfillipt fit. Before use, the products are diluted in warm water. Anesthetic gels are also used before meals.
- The genitals are treated with antiseptic for intimate areas. The best solution is Cysteine.
Self-treatment of chickenpox with the use of these drugs is prohibited.Only the attending physician is able to choose the best medicine, taking into account the characteristics of the disease and the patient's condition.
Answers to common questions
How is chickenpox transmitted?
Chickenpox is a disease faced by people from all over the world. We will understand how the infection occurs.
- Third party. Infecting chickenpox through a third person is impossible, because the external environment is fatal for the virus.
- From children. Because the children are in close contact, the virus is transmitted easily. From one peddler in a team, about 90% of children are infected.Often, children transmit the virus to adults if they have not been ill in childhood.
- From adults. If an adult works in a school or kindergarten and did not encounter chickenpox as a child, he can pick up an attack and become a peddler. Transmission of the virus is possible in the event of shingles.
- Through objects and things. Contact with the infected and airborne droplets - this is how infection with chickenpox is carried out. In this case, disinfection of objects is not needed.
Important! Sometimes infection is possible through the things that a person used with skin rashes.For example, on clothes there can be liquid from bubbles. But this route of transmission is unlikely.
Consequences of chickenpox in adults
In children, chickenpox goes away without serious consequences. In adults, things are different and often have a variety of effects. Therefore, when symptoms of the disease appear, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
- Scarring. The disease manifests itself in the form of skin lesions resembling a rash. And although red pimples are very itchy, it is forbidden to disturb them or peel off the crust. This is fraught with dimples and scars.
- Infection. Combing tubercles - the path to a bacterial infection, the presence of which is indicated by the turbidity of the fluid in the bubbles. Doctors advise treating the rash with care, otherwise strong discomfort cannot be avoided.
- Respiratory diseases. In an adult, the respiratory organs are subject to great danger, since a rash appears inside the body. As the attack is transmitted through the respiratory tract, the lungs, trachea and throat become inflamed. Consequences: pneumonia, laryngitis, tracheitis.
- Nervous system. In an adult, after chickenpox, complications in the nervous system often remain. In one case out of ten, the disease contributes to the appearance of paralysis or meningitis. Quite often a cyst forms in the brain.
- Vision. Often the disease leads to deterioration or complete loss of vision. If the eyes hurt and watery, the picture blurs, and at the sight of the light you experience pain, immediately contact an eye specialist.
- Heart and vessels. Chickenpox often has a strong effect on the heart. High intoxication contributes to the development of myocarditis. Another disease leaves an imprint in the form of varicose veins or blood clots in the vessels, which leads to a stroke or heart attack.
- Arthritis. Arthritis is on the list of effects of chickenpox.Inflamed joints bring discomfort to the adult person. All this is accompanied by swelling and redness of the joints, fever. Inaction is fraught with loss of mobility and disability.
The listed effects of chicken pox are terrible. Incorrect treatment or lack of it at best will lead to a disfiguring of the skin.
Are chicken pox vaccinations done to adults?
The disease, transferred at a young age, provides a stable lifelong immunity. But there are people who did not have chickenpox in childhood, and individuals who are at risk for developing a severe form of the disease. They are focused on vaccine-based prevention. In Russia, for this purpose, Okavax and Varilrix are used.
Vaccination forms stable and long-lasting immunity. And if the injection is made within three days after contact with the patient, this will provide almost 100% protection against infection.
The vaccine has no side effects and serious complications. So the listed drugs are not prohibited for people with weak immunity, and acute chronic diseases are not an obstacle.
Do adults have chickenpox again?
For an adult, chickenpox is very dangerous because it is difficult and the risk of complications is too high.
If a person tolerates the disease, immunity is produced. Sometimes the disease develops repeatedly and shingles appear. This phenomenon is called a breakthrough infection.
Chickenpox virus after a person’s recovery remains in the nerve tissue for a long time. Under the influence of certain factors, the pathogen becomes pathogenic, which leads to repeated illness.
Stress, nervous overstrains, chronic recurrent diseases that weaken the immune system lead to this.
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