Buying a Firearm in Virginia
How to Buy a Firearm in Virginia
Federal law has strict guidelines for purchasing firearms. However, each state has the right to create their own gun purchasing laws and requirements that work in tandem with federal law. Virginia implemented the Virginia Firearms Transaction Program (VFTP) in 1989 to facilitate the purchase of firearms and other things in that state.
Visit a licensed and registered firearms dealer in the state of Virginia if you are over the age of 18.
Determine the firearm you want to purchase.The Virginia age requirement for purchase of handguns is 21, and 18 for rifles and shotguns. If you want to purchase more than one firearm in one month, you must apply for a Multiple Handgun Purchase Certificate with the Virginia State Police first. ** the multiple purchase law has been repealed, as of Feb 29, 2012.
Discuss your firearm selection with the dealer and provide 2 proofs of identity.
- The main proof of identity must be an unexpired vehicle operator's license with photo or any other identification that has been provided by the government.
- The ancillary means of identification must match the identity of the person that appears on the photo ID. An example of an acceptable ancillary form of ID is a current passport, a utility bill, or a current voter registration card.
Agree to a background check by signing the necessary consent form.
Pay a small processing fee if you are a Virginia resident.The fee is slightly higher for out-of-state residents.
Wait for the dealer to enter your information in the computerized National Instant Background Check System (NICS).If the dealer does not have access to the Internet, the dealer will call NICS directly. NICS will investigate your criminal history (if any) in as little as 2 minutes by accessing state and national criminal databases. If approved, the purchase of the firearm will be completed. If you do not receive approval, the purchase will be delayed until further review of your profile.
QuestionWhat is the best way to transport a firearm to New Jersey if it was purchased in Virginia?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThere is no law that prohibits you from transporting legal firearms across state lines.Thanks!
QuestionI'm here from another state. Can I purchase a gun in Virginia?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYou may purchase a long gun (rifle or shotgun). Under federal law, you may not purchase a handgun except in the state unless you are a resident. The only exception is if you have the handgun transferred from the Virginia seller to a licensed seller (FFL) in your home state.Thanks!
QuestionIf I'm a green card holder can I purchase a gun in Virginia?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerProvided you have a Virginia state-issued ID and are a resident of Virginia, it is legal for you to purchase a firearm there.Thanks!
QuestionIs it legal to carry a handgun openly in Virginia without a permit?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYes. In fact, if you are carrying a handgun in Virginia you MUST do so openly — unless you have a concealed-carry permit.Thanks!
QuestionCan a felon buy a hand gun in Virginia?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo. In the state of Virginia, if you’re a felon or have ever been convicted of any felonies you cannot buy a gun. Don’t try to buy a gun from a gun shop if you are a felon, as it is mandatory for the employees or the employer to run a background check on you.Thanks!
QuestionCan I buy a handgun in Virginia with a non-resident concealed carry permit?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThe Commonwealth of Virginia requires that one person requesting to purchase a handgun must be 21 years old and not be under any legal conditions that would prohibit ownership of a firearm (convicted felon, acquitted by reason of insanity, etc.). No kind of permit is required to purchase/own a firearm.Thanks!
QuestionIs a retired military person with 50% disability for PTSD eligible to purchase a handgun?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYes, you should be eligible as long as you have not been involuntarily institutionalized or declared mentally incompetent by a court or legal authority.Thanks!
QuestionCan a person on probation for alcohol violation purchase a handgun?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo. Your probation will state that you are not allowed to own or purchase a gun.Thanks!
QuestionCan a 13-year-old buy a rifle or pistol?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYou must be 18 years or older to purchase a shotgun or rifle. You must be 21 to purchase a handgun.Thanks!
QuestionCan someone who was convicted of a felony, but cleared by the governor buy a gun?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerNo, you will still have to go before the judge/court to be totally cleared.Thanks!
Living in Virginia, do I have to go through someone with an FFL if I want to purchase a rifle from a friend who is out of state?
Can I purchase a handgun in VA if I have a misdemeanor possession charge from another state?
If I am moving to Virginia from another state where I legally purchased handguns, do I have to register them when I get to Virginia?
Can a non-citizen nor green card holder own firearms in Virginia?
Am I required to have any training or licenses in order to purchase a handgun?
- A permit is not required to own or purchase a handgun, rifle, or shotgun in Virginia, although a concealed handgun permit is required if you wish to carry a concealed handgun.
- Other acceptable ancillary forms of identification when purchasing firearms in Virginia include an active lease, a recently paid property tax bill or real estate tax bill for your existing address, a recent utility bill, a recent, cancelled bank check, a recent vehicle registration and a recent hunting or fishing license.
- A birth certificate or a social security card will not be accepted as an ancillary form of identification.
- Do not lie on the consent form. The offense is punishable by law.
- Federal law prohibits the following from purchasing firearms: fugitives from justice, those dishonorably discharged from the Armed Forces, citizens who have renounced their citizenship and illegal aliens.
- Virginia state law prohibits any person involved in a protective order for domestic abuse and/or stalking from purchasing firearms.
- Virginia state law prohibits any person convicted of a felony from purchasing firearms if they have not had their rights restored.
- A Virginia non-resident may not purchase a firearm until a state police approval report has been received or 10 days have passed.
- Virginia state law prohibits the carrying of a concealed handgun without a Concealed Handgun Permit.
- Virginia state law prohibits the legally incompetent or mentally incapacitated from purchasing firearms.
Video: Gun Laws in Virginia - FAQ Friday
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