How to cut flowers in 2017

You will need
  • Flowers, sharp knife, water, vase, salt, aspirin, alcohol, boric acid.
Instruction
Choose the best time to cut flowers. It is best to do this early in the morning or late in the evening. During the day, plants accumulate nutrients that prolong their life. In the morning, the evaporation of water is insignificant, so the plants are elastic and saturated with moisture. If the weather is overcast, cut flowers regardless of the time of day. When it rains, it is not advisable to cut flowers. Drops trapped on the plant cause self-heating. From this petals and leaves spoil.
Flowers such as gerbera, daffodil, tulip, carnation break off by hand. This prevents the transmission of diseases, including viral ones.
Irises, tulips, peonies, lilies cut off in the phase of colored bud. So, they will last longer. Aquilegia, bell, daffodil, violet, nigella cut off half-dissolved. Lilac, delphinium, mallow, carnation, sweet peas, daylily cut in phase 3/4 of the bud dissolution.
If the plant is a perennial, cut it with leaves. So, at the bottom of the tulip, leave at least 2 leaves, at the lily - 6-8 sheets, at the peony - 2-3 leaves, at phlox - 5-6 pairs of leaves. So, the flower will be able to continue its further development, accumulate nutrients and lay flower buds.
Before you put the flowers in a vase, remove all the lower leaves. At the bottom of the vase can drop a silver coin or throw a piece of charcoal. Sometimes a piece of copper wire is dipped into a vase. In addition, coniferous extract, aspirin tablet, citric acid (3 grams per 1 liter of water) can serve as an antiseptic. As an antiseptic can be boric acid in the ratio of 0.1 grams per 1 liter of water, manganese acid potassium - 0.003 grams per 1 liter of water. Add sugar as a nutrient: 20-60 grams per liter of water.
Not all flowers are equally after cutting. For example, barkhats, carnations, calendula, summer chrysanthemums, left-handedly delight the eye for up to three weeks if cut them at the stage of semi-dissolution. Asters, rudbeksia, gypsophila, goldenrod, cornfields stand in the water for 14-15 days, and after that they dry up. Tulips, peonies, lilies, gladioli, bells stand in the water for 10 days, if cut them in the floor dissolution. Regularly change the water, then all the buds bloom over time.
To extend the life of the cut, for different colors there are different techniques. In roses, split the ends of the stem and remove the thorns. Cut the dahlia stalk and burn it in cold water. Add 1 tablespoon of vinegar to 1 liter of water. Insert a wick of cotton wool into the hollow stem. Cut the clove in the area of ​​the thickened knot, put a flower in alcohol and add 2 squares of sugar or half an aspirin tablet. After cutting nasturtium, also put in alcohol, and add 0.5 tsp to water. salt. Gerbera hold in salt water for 0.5-1 hour, and then put in ordinary water. In this case, fill the vase by one third.


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