Learning to draw masterpieces in pencil
Probably, each of us at least once in our life had a desire to paint something that everyone else liked. Especially often this happens when you look at the pictures of famous artists, and you see how everyone around them admires them.
It seems to you that there is nothing difficult in getting a sheet of paper, pencils or other art supplies, and draw your own artistic masterpiece. But when it comes to the realization of this idea, then you have a lot of difficulties and problems: the place on the sheet is incorrectly chosen, then with proportions and scale you have not guessed, then the details do not work out, and all the desire to draw something .
Remember that even with the most eminent artists, the pictures were made far from the first time.
Each of them has gone a long way to improve their skills and please us with their creativity. This was preceded by days, months, and even years of hard training and constant sketching.After all, to learn to draw well, you need continuous practice.
You should make it a habit to always carry a notebook and a small pencil with you, and if possible, sketch any items you like. Only through perseverance and hard work, you can reach any heights in the visual arts.
But what to do if, apart from your desire and some drawing abilities, you have nothing else?
Where to begin?
To begin with, it should be remembered that of all the art supplies, a pencil is the most convenient tool for beginning artists.
This is due to the fact that it is very easily erased, and in the case of a blot, everything can be corrected very quickly. In addition, there are several types of pencils with which you can effortlessly make your drawing perfect. How can you independently learn to draw with a pencil?
So, the most important advice for beginning artists is to never draw large and complex compositions until you learn how to draw every detail separately. Most likely, you will not be able to do anything, and this will permanently discourage your desire to take a pencil a second time.
First, you learn to draw one thing.To do this, you need to separate it from the eyes of other objects. Then visually determine its size and shape. After that, you need to imagine where in your sheet it will be most convenient to place it, taking into account the size and shape of the item.
It should be remembered that high objects are best placed along the length of the sheet, and wide - in width.
It should also be borne in mind that the item you are depicting is likely to be larger than your sheet, and therefore it will be necessary to draw it, observing the scale and proportions. For a novice artist, this will be quite difficult.
Therefore, in order to develop your necessary skills, we offer you some simple, at first glance, exercises. They will help you learn how to allocate the right place for a picture on a piece of paper, and this is practically the basis for building any images, since any drawing begins with this.
In these exercises, we will depict objects in the form of diagrams, without drawing small details. The most important thing for you is to see with the help of what simple shapes this object can be drawn, as well as take into account its proportions and dimensions.After receiving this skill, in the future you will already automatically correctly determine the size and place for the picture.
So, the first exercise is that you will draw an object not from nature, but from the finished drawing. This will greatly simplify your task, since you do not need to select an object among the rest and correctly place it on a sheet of paper - all of this has already been done for you. You just need to repeat all this, but always in a different size, so as not to turn everything into a banal copying process.
We will depict the mountain. To begin, you need to carefully consider it and mentally present it on your piece of paper. After that, draw a straight line that will serve as the basis for the mountain.
Then you need to consider the shape of the mountain, are its slopes equal or not? In our case, this is a mountain with the same slopes, so it can be represented as a regular cone, the height of which is less than the width of the base.
How to determine how many times they differ from each other?
With the help of this ruler you would do it very quickly, but for you the most important thing is to learn how to measure size by eye. In the finished picture, the mountain is depicted in a 1: 3 ratio, i.e. its base is three times larger than its height.
To properly determine the proportions of your picture, you need to build the top of the mountain first. You need to find a place on the horizontal line where it will be. To do this, put on our line three identical segments.
After that, find the middle and build a perpendicular. Then mark the top at a distance of one division from the bottom. If your drawings are the same, then you did everything right. Now try to draw this mountain of a different size. And so several times.
Remember that in order to correctly determine the proportions of the object you are depicting, you should always start by dividing the base into equal parts, and then start from this.
Through this exercise, you will always learn to accurately determine the relationship between the different parts of the object you are depicting, and this is the basis of drawing.
The second exercise is that you will need to draw a mountain in which the ratio of height and width is 1: 4, and its vertex is rejected to the right. It is more difficult to do than in the first case, but nothing is impossible.
To begin, do as in the first exercise: draw a straight line, divide it into equal parts (in this case 4). Then there is the nuance - the vertex is not in the middle of the segment.Take a closer look, it is just above the third mark, which means that it is necessary to build a perpendicular from it. After that, lay the top of the mountain. Most often, when drawing any objects, the base is divided by 2, 3, and less often by 5.
The third exercise is to depict in a single profile picture several mountains at once with different peaks and height. But do not worry, it is not as difficult as it seems. You need to imagine each mountain separately, mentally drawing the dotted lines to the bottom. And then everything will be clear to you, and you just have to repeat the first exercise three times.
Also a very important skill for a novice artist is the ability to build perfectly straight lines from the hand without the help of special tools. It is not as easy as it seems at first glance. To learn this, you need to constantly train.
Draw a vertical line with a ruler, and try to draw the most parallel lines to her hand. Repeat too with a horizontal line. From the first time you are unlikely to get the perfect masterpiece, but over time the lines will come out more straight and parallel to each other.
Master the shading
When drawing with a pencil, you also need to be able to properly hatch three-dimensional objects in order to show the places where light and shadow falls. It’s best to start with simple shapes, such as a ball, cube, cylinder, or cone. Also, if you look at these figures, you will notice that there are parts of the penumbra on them.
In order for the figure you get a smooth transition from light to partial shade and to darker areas, you need to use pencils of different hardness. Having mastered this skill, you can easily depict any three-dimensional objects, and they will look realistic.
If you do all these exercises quickly and without problems, then you can practice your skills on other subjects of a simple form, for example, to draw a jug or a vase. And after that, you can move on to more complex drawings, such as images of flowers, birds and various animals.
Draw a man
If you have achieved certain success in this, then the next level for you is to draw a person. It is very difficult to do this. We will tell you how you can stage an adult on a sheet of paper in stages.To begin with, try to draw it in a standing position, since it is very important for you to see the proportions.
Start by drawing a vertical line from which you will build on a person’s grid, i.e. the main lines of the head, shoulders, waist, hips, legs and arms.
But what size should these lines be? If you are drawing from life, then you can use your pencil as a measuring tool. For example, you need to measure the distance from the head to the waist - you take a pencil, and its tip visually aligns with the crown of the head, and then on it with the thumbnail mark where the waist is. After that, transfer this size to a sheet of paper. Thus, you can measure anything.
But in order to check yourself, you must know that the body of an adult person can be visually divided into 8 parts. The size of one part corresponds to the size of the head. Body length
in men it is about “three heads”, the borders are on the chin, chest, waist and perineum line. The legs are "four heads", with the middle in the area of the knees. Width of shoulders - two whole and one third of the “head”.The length of the arms is three and a half "heads". In women, the proportions are slightly different - the body is longer, and the widest part is the hips.
If you have already decided on the proportions of the person you are depicting and put the corresponding marks on your sheet, then you can proceed to giving it shape. To do this, you need to draw all parts of the body with the help of ovals and cylinders. If you are satisfied with the resulting figure, you can draw the outline of a person.
After that, you will only have to specify some details, such as folds on clothes, draw fingers, hair, face, etc. - your drawing is ready.
The most difficult thing in depicting people is portraits. Their complexity lies in the fact that in order to achieve similarity with the original, you must correctly draw absolutely all the facial features. Beginners will be quite difficult to do this.
Therefore, the main advice for them is to learn how to draw separately different parts of the face: cuts in the eyes, the shape of the nose and lips in different angles. After that, go to the image portraits. At first, it is better to draw them from a photo, as this can take a lot of time, and not every model will be able to pose for you.
So where to start? First draw the outline of the head. Then draw a central vertical axis.She will divide the face into symmetrical parts. After that, divide it in half using a horizontal line - this is the line where the eyes will be. Eyebrows should be flush with the upper edges of the ears.
The length of the nose is determined as follows: divide the distance between the line of the eyes and the line of the chin in half - this will be the tip of the nose. Its width corresponds to the distance between the inner corners of the eyes. These proportions, of course, are not a dogma, but in most cases all faces can be drawn precisely with their help.
Once you have decided on the location of the parts of the face, you need to draw the contours of the eyes, nose, lips, ears, and hair. If everything suits you, you can proceed to their detailed drawing. After that, it will be necessary to add only a few finishing touches - indicate the places of illumination and shadow in the drawing, and your portrait is ready.
If you like drawings with images of various inscriptions, various forms, etc., then you better turn your attention to graffiti. There are several style directions. And in order to determine what style you want to create, you must get to know all of them, and try which one suits you.
For a beginner, you first need to practice on a piece of paper.Write any word in pencil. The distance between the letters should correspond to half the height of the letter, since they will be traced along the contour. After that, give each letter volume and bulge with light and shade, as well as the intensity of color. Color the letters and draw their outlines again. And your graffiti is ready.
A very important role in creating any drawings is played by the tools and paper that you use. What pencils are needed to make your drawing perfect?
There are several of them. Simple pencils can be of different softness and hardness. Most often they are denoted using the English classification, where "B" is the softest pencil, "H" is the hardest, and "HB" is a hard-soft pencil. In addition, next to these letters you can see the numbers from 2 to 9 - they indicate the shade of the color of a pencil.
The beginning artist will only need a few pencils of different hardness and softness. Also when drawing with a pencil it is very convenient to use a good soft eraser. These tools will help you in creating any image.
What paper do you also draw on a very important role? It is best to use a dense white paper. It must withstand all your corrections. Grain paper is the most suitable for a pencil, since any shades of a simple pencil will be very clearly visible on it, and it will be much easier for you to draw all parts of the shadow and penumbra.
So, you now own almost all the information that we hope will help you in creating your artistic masterpieces!
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