New Zealand - a country you can not forget
Every traveler dreams to visit uncharted and beautiful places. If your soul is hungry for adventure, be sure to go to New Zealand. This is a unique and incredibly beautiful country that will not leave anyone indifferent!
What country is it?
New Zealand is a state located in the southwest Pacific Ocean in Polynesia. This country occupies two large islands (North Island and South Island), as well as about 700 small ones. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington, but one of the largest cities is Auckland. It is here that important state facilities are located, including the international airport.
The area of the country is 268680 square kilometers. And the length of the coastline is 15134 kilometers. The two islands occupied by the state are among the largest in the world. The population of the state is small, it is about 4.5 million people.
A unique feature of New Zealand is its actual isolation from other countries. This means that there are simply no land borders with other states. And the neighbors of the state are Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga and Australia. New Zealand is ruled by Queen Elizabeth II.
On the territory of the country there are three official languages: Maori, New Zealand sign, as well as more familiar to many, and international English.
Relief and nature
Most of the territory of the state is occupied by mountains or hills, about 70% of the area is located at an altitude of more than 200 meters above sea level. There are not so many plains, but they are still there. There are many glaciers in the country. In addition, there are quite large lakes here. Almost all of them are cold, since they were formed due to the melting of glaciers. There are also cold glacial rivers in New Zealand.
The fauna and flora of the country are among the most ancient in the world. That is why there are many rare species of plants and animals. Before settling the territory, only reptiles and land mammals met on the islands, but then characteristic European animals were brought here.
Marine inhabitants are also diverse, here you can meet fur seals, whales, dolphins, sharks, rays, sea lions, as well as numerous invertebrates. In New Zealand, there is a unique wingless kiwi bird, which many consider to be a symbol of the country. As for plants, conifer-broadleaf and beech forests, as well as shrubs, prevail.
The climate of the state depends on the location. Thus, a warm subtropical climate prevails on the North Island, and a cooler temperate climate on the South Island. But in mountainous areas the climate is alpine and very harsh. January is the warmest month, at this time the temperature in the north is about 19-20 degrees, and in the south is about 14-15.
The coldest thing in New Zealand is in summer, or more precisely, in July. This month the temperature drops to 4-5 degrees in the south of the country and to about 10-12 degrees in the north. There is a lot of precipitation, and it is not only rain, but also heavy and heavy snowfall. In addition, in New Zealand, the morning tides and evening ebb are very noticeable.
Earthquakes may occur in New Zealand.The last and most powerful fell on the territory of the state in 2010 and in 2011. Another feature of the country, which can also be called a natural cataclysm - is extremely strong ultraviolet radiation, due to the presence of a huge hole in the ozone layer of the atmosphere above Antarctica. Because of this, residents of the state are more likely to suffer from skin cancer.
How to get there?
You can only get to New Zealand by plane. But there are no direct flights, so you have to fly through one of the major cities, such as Dubai, Seoul, Los Angeles or Hong Kong. The flight lasts an average of 30-35 hours.
Customs and visa regimes
To enter New Zealand, you will need a visa, which can be issued at the country's embassy or office. The following documents will be required for registration: internal and foreign passports and their copies, a completed application form, a 3x4 photo, confirmation of two-way ticket purchase and hotel booking, a certificate from work, and an extract from the personal account ( not less than 1000 dollars). The visa will be ready in about a month.
It is forbidden to bring weapons, drugs, food, plants, as well as items of plant or animal origin, or a number of medications into the territory. Imports of tobacco, alcohol and personal goods are restricted.
Where to stay?
On the territory of New Zealand there are a lot of hotels, and almost any “star”. Most of them are comfortable. Also in the country there are so-called lodges - hotels located in nature, most often near water sources.
How to move?
Communication between the cities is carried out by buses. In large cities there are city buses. There are trolley buses in Wellington. You can cross from one island to another by ferry or high-speed catamaran. In addition, in any city there is a taxi. In addition, car rental is available.
New Zealand is one of the safest countries for tourists. There are no poisonous snakes and very few blood-sucking insects. Crime is not developed. The water in the taps is clean and drinkable. And all products are processed and subjected to strict control.
Traditions and laws
Immediately it should be noted that there are no unusual laws. It is necessary to follow generally accepted rules and norms of behavior: do not be rude, do not litter, behave decently in public places.
The people of New Zealand are very friendly, benevolent and honest. Residents are always ready to help and welcome tourists.
What's so interesting?
What to see in New Zealand?
- If you are planning a holiday in this unique country, be sure to visit the village of Hobbiton. It was here that the legendary film "The Lord of the Rings" was filmed.
- Milford Sound is considered by many to be the eighth wonder of the world. This is a stunningly beautiful and incredible place!
- Lake Mattison is located in the rocky terrain of the South Island.
- The Franz Josef Glacier is a 12-kilometer block of centuries-old ice.
- Mount Taranaki is an active volcano with a height of more than 2.5 kilometers.
- Lake Tarawera. If you like fishing, be sure to go here.
- Waitomo Caves is a unique place. It is a mountain system created by nature itself and at the same time a small village.
- Boulders Moeraki. Many have seen them in the photo, but live they look even more majestic and fascinating.These are unique formations, having a spherical shape, located on one of the coasts.
- Wai-O-Tapu is a place that attracts hundreds of tourists every year. Here you can see boiling mud springs, hot springs and raging geysers. All this is complemented by a variety of colors.
- Listing the sights of New Zealand, Northland is not to be mentioned - part of the North Island, about which many legends go.
- Be sure to check out the Auckland Museum.
- Visit the Fiordland National Park.
- The buried village. Once there lived people, but in 1886 the village was completely destroyed by the volcano Taravera. Today, tourists can see all that remains of the settlement.
In New Zealand, dominated by the Anglo-Saxon cuisine. Locals are very fond of meat dishes, for example, steaks, roast beef, and so on. Many respect the potato, it is often fried or baked here. New Zealanders love to cook over an open fire. Also in the diet there are seafood and cheeses (they are incredibly tasty here). As for drinks, the people of the country love wine and beer.
Let the trip to New Zealand be remembered by you and give a lot of bright emotions and new impressions!
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