Types of juniper, description of popular varieties
Juniper: General Information
Juniper not only fits perfectly into the country landscape. It is actively used for flavoring compotes and juices. Juniper fruits will give a spicy flavor to meat cooked on fire. The juniper marinades are characterized by a bright and memorable taste.
Juniper grows usually in the form of small trees, something similar to the beautiful majestic columns. Some varieties have the form of shrubs, and even a sprawling shoots, covering the soil with a dense carpet. The plant feels good on rocky soil and in mountainous areas. Juniper leaves look like needles resembling scales or needles.
In this family there are several dozen varieties. Some of them are more popular among gardeners, others are almost not found in the dacha and garden plots, being considered a unique exotic. Without these wonderful plants, it is difficult to imagine modern landscape design.
A low coniferous plant, sometimes a shrub. The height does not usually exceed 5–10 meters, but under favorable conditions it can reach a height of 12 m with a trunk diameter of up to 20 cm.
The crown of an ordinary juniper is quite dense, it has a pronounced conical shape. A bush in shape is more like an egg. The bark has a grayish-brown tinge, the shoots are red-brown. Needle triangular needles sharpened. Each needle is covered with a wax coating of whitish color, which can last for several years. Bushes of this variety bloom in late spring. Common juniper has rounded bumps. This species is growing not too fast; annual growth in height rarely exceeds 15 cm. But the lifespan of a bush can reach two hundred years.
The natural habitat of juniper is North America, Europe, Siberia. There are specimens that grow even in North Africa.
Tall tree In favorable conditions it can reach 30 meters in height. The crown is narrow, egg-shaped.With age, the Virginian variety is covered with widely spreading branches. A relatively thick trunk covers a dark-brown or reddish bark with longitudinal scales and cracks. The needles have a bluish-green or blue hue, with the onset of cold weather turning into brown tones.
When ripening on the trees, dark blue fruits are formed. By mid-autumn, these berries are ready to harvest. You should know that longer staying on the tree, the fruits get the best taste. Resistance to adverse conditions makes juniper virginsky very popular in the design of landscapes in harsh climatic conditions. This plant is successfully used in aromatherapy: its smell strengthens the nervous system well, relieves insomnia and headaches.
In nature, this variety is widely distributed throughout North America - from the southern regions of Florida to the north of Canada.
By sight it is pressed to the ground, creeping forest shrubs. Usually it is short, but can reach a meter height. On its long branches form tetrahedral shoots, decorated with a medium-sized, but dense needles of green or bluish color. On the old branches may appear bluish bloom.This variety has a great originality, but in landscapes gardening lovers are not very often, being considered a great exotic. Some subspecies of juniper horizontal have a scaly trunk, very dense needles and a rounded crown of a funnel-shaped or spherical shape.
Plant with a pyramidal crown, reaching a height of 8 to 20 meters. More rarely - a bush spread wide in all directions, with dense planting often forming thickets. The greyish-red bark of Chinese juniper tends to flake off. Fruits can be either dark blue or black. The shape of the leaves is pointed, they are slightly curved inside; for this reason the leaves seem dull. Chinese juniper in its various subspecies is widely used for the design of summer landscapes.
The difference of the variety is that it is extremely unpretentious, capable of growing in any conditions, which determines its popularity among gardeners. This variety is very common in Russia can not be attributed to the fast-growing. The juniper Cossack grows relatively slowly, which makes it a convenient material for the decoration of a decorative landscape.It easily tolerates temperature drops, is indifferent even to very poor-quality and rare irrigation. Not afraid of the wind, resistant to the strongest wind loads. But there is a serious drawback: the plant’s fruits contain poison that can harm human health. Therefore, when handling juniper in this class, care must be taken.
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