The slot machine was invented in 1887 by Charles Frey of San Fransisco. The name "slot machine" is used for American gaming machines. In Great Britain, these machines are called "fruit machines". In Australia, the machines are known as "poker machines" or "pokies".
The slots were used for many years as an activity to keep the wives of gamblers in Las Vegas busy. At the time, the machines only took coins, and usually not for very large denominations. Women stayed busy, usually not spending too much money, while their husbands played black jack, roulette, and the crap table.
At the time, most of this gambling was done in Las Vegas, Monaco, or small islands that allowed casino gambling. Slots gambling was not a big part of public life in most parts of the country except for Las Vegas. Most of the people with gambling problems were confined to the Las Vegas and surrounding areas and not many people really heard about gambling addiction and its' true dangers.
In 1979, gambling was passed in New Jersey, and Atlantic City became the Las Vegas of the east coast. In the mid to late eighties, video style poker games were developed and addiction to slots were becoming a bit more pervasive.
o As of this article, there are casinos in all states except two. Most of these states have allowed just slot machine gambling and no access to table games.
o Statistics have shown that slots gambling is the most popular form of gambling and is responsible for approximately 70 percent of all casino revenue.
o Statistics from studies done in Canada have shown that 58-62 percent of slots revenues come from gambling addicts.
o 98 percent of all gambling addicts who live in South Dakota are addicted to slots.
o The military puts slots on their bases, and according to the New York Times, the government has taken in more than 120 million dollars in slot machine revenue.
o One study shows that there are 1.2 million slot machine addicts in the state of California.
o Great Britain allows fruit machine gambling for children. These children and adolescents are involved in crime, truancy, and drugs and alcohol.
o In Asia, casinos in Macau are responsible for a huge surge in slot machine gambling addiction. Vietnam and Singapore are planning to open casinos in 2009.
o Asians have a strong propensity toward gambling due to their history of not seeing gambling as being a bad thing, but a way to make money.
These are certainly very scary statistics, and it can only get worse as slot machine gambling addiction continues to permeate our society both in the U.S and the rest of the world.
The public is very ignorant about the inner workings of a slot machine. People are unaware of the true odds in an electronic gaming machine and they do not realize that the odds are truly stacked against them.
Many addicted slot machine gamblers also believe in certain myths regarding slot machines. Some of these debunked myths are as follows:
o Contrary to beliefs, slot machines do not stop on winning or losing stops with equal probability.
o Slot machines are not "due to pay" because the machine was cold for a while, and it should be ready soon to pay a jackpot.
o Every slot machine spin is random, and goes through a random number generator. There are much less random numbers for jackpots than more common hands. Therefore, winning a jackpot is highly, highly difficult.
o Contrary to myth, it does not matter if someone uses a players card or not. It does not effect the outcome of the game.
o Although some machines may have a 90 percent payout, it may be weeks before it actually pays a jackpot.
o Just because the person before you pumped a lot of money into the slot machine, it does not mean that "you" will hit the jackpot.
These are just some of the debunked myths about slot machine gambling, and there are many more. Slot machine gambling is not just a harmless past-time anymore. Addiction is a serious social problem, and the consequences of this type of addiction is still yet to be seen.
You have heard of Texas holdem poker rules, but you never quite understood them. Understanding the rules of the game is essential, particularly if you are looking to win. The game of Texas holdem poker is so popular these days that it can be found all over the internet, in casinos, and even on television. Texas holdem poker rules are not hard to learn, the real difficulty comes with strategy and developing skills to become a winner.
Before you can really understand Texas holdem poker rules, you have to understand the basics of poker. While you may have more than 5 cards, your best hand can only be comprised of five cards total. To win, these five cards must total one of the following winning poker hands:
o One Pair – one pair of the same number or face cards
o Two Pair – two pairs of the same number or face cards
o Three of A Kind – Three of the same number or face cards
o Straight – Consecutive cards (i.e. 2,3,4,5,6) of any suit
o Flush – Five non consecutive cards of the same suit
o Full House – Comprised of one pair and a three of a kind of any number or face cards
o Straight Flush – Consecutive cards of the same suit (Number cards 9 and under)
o Royal Flush – Consecutive cards of the same suit (10, J, Q, K, A)
One pair is the lowest winning poker hand and royal flush is the highest beating all combinations before it.
Texas Holdem Poker Rules
A button is used to signify the dealer and plays moves to the dealers left in a clockwise method of play. The number of players depend on the table, but can range from 4 to 10 or more, with 10 being the average. With each new hand, the dealer will change one spot on the left of the current dealer.
The deal starts with every player receiving two face down cards. No one else sees these cards and are the private cards of that particular player. After this deal, there will be a betting round. After this betting round, the dealer will then deal out three more cards. These cards will be face up and placed in the tables middle. These are called the flop and are shared cards, community cards, for every player that is playing. These can be used to make up a winning poker hand.
Another betting round will take place and now the dealer will deal another card, which is called The Turn, this fourth card is placed among the community cards as well and can be used to make a winning poker hand. After betting again, the river, which is the fifth and final card to be dealt, is placed amongst the community cards. The player who can make the best five card hand out of the seven total cards wins.
Blinds are important to Texas holdem poker rules. Big and small blinds are placed before the first two cards are dealt and always made by the first two players on the dealers left. A small blind is half of the table’s minimum bet. A big blind is the exact same as the minimum bet at the table.