Want to decorate your garden? Plant magonia
If there is a place in your garden, and you want to decorate it with some bright and interesting plant, then plant a magony. But first find out how to properly care for her.
What is this plant?
Magonia is considered an evergreen shrub plant belonging to the barberry family (but some perceive it as a tree). The height of the bush usually reaches 1 or a maximum of 1.5 meters. The leaves are shiny and dense, form a rather lush crown, and in the fall acquire a red-burgundy color.
Flowers are attractive, have delicate numerous petals of bright yellow color. They delight with their beauty almost from the middle of spring. And by the middle of summer, dark blue berries appear on the site of fallen buds, which, by the way, are edible and have a rather pleasant sour taste.
North America is considered the birthplace of the plant, and there it is almost universally found in the wild. But also Magonia can be found in some areas of Central and East Asia.In Europe, it is mainly cultivated. There are several types, such as creeping, Japanese or Wagner's mage. But in the central regions is widespread padubolistic, and it is considered the most resistant to various weather conditions and unpretentious.
How to plant?
Cultivation and reproduction of mahogany can be carried out in several ways:
- From seeds. This option is the most difficult, because magonia grows rather slowly, and it is advisable to replant the shoots to a permanent place only closer to one and a half or two years old, so that they are sufficiently strong and can take root and adapt. But flowering and fruiting will begin closer to five years. Seed is sown immediately after harvesting, that is, in September or October. Their germination can reach 50-60%. Seeds should be deepened into the moistened soil, then the container is covered with a transparent material (film, glass). After punching sprouts, the film is removed, and then proper care of the plant is carried out.
- An easier way is to grow cuttings, that is, cuttings. Leaf buds or stronger semi-lignified cuttings can be used, which are separated in summer during the active growing season and rooted in moist soil in greenhouses or at home.It is best of all to carry out the transplantation of strong shoots in the spring, when the last frosts have passed (as they adapt faster and get used to the place).
- The division of the bush with the roots. It is best to carry it out in the spring, then by autumn the mahonia will have time to root and settle down quite well. The young shoot should be carefully separated from the maternal main part along with the root growth (try not to damage it), and then land on a permanent place. To do this, dig a small hole with a depth of about 45-50 centimeters and place a bush in it so that the root collar remains above the ground.
- Planting seedlings. They can be purchased from experienced gardeners or in specialized stores. But choose only high-quality and strong shoots, place them immediately in a permanent place.
How to care?
Mahonia is a completely unpretentious and resistant to any weather conditions shrub, so caring for him will not take too much trouble, even a novice will cope with it. And yet there are some important points:
- Appropriate place. The plant is not demanding to the location, it will be able to grow and feel comfortable both in the sunny area (including under direct rays) and in the shaded area, the penumbra practically does not affect growth, flowering and fruiting.
- The soil.And in relation to her, the mahonia is also unpretentious, so that it can take root even in the sandy soil. And yet, if you want to get a lot of flowers, and then fruits, then you should use a fairly nutritious land, rich in humus. In addition, it should hold water well, as the plant loves moisture (it is necessary for ripening berries). But drainage does not hurt in order to avoid excessive moisture.
- Watering should be regular, but not excessive. So it is better to wait for the earthen clod to dry. And if the summer was rainy, then additional moisture may not be required at all (overmoistening can provoke decay of the root system).
- Regularly loosen the soil so that oxygen enters the roots, otherwise they may bend (especially if the soil is dense).
- If the soil is not too nutritious, then for lush flowering should be fertilized. But it is possible to carry out top dressing only once, namely before flowering. But you can also fertilize Magonia before fruiting, so that the berries are even more useful and large. Suitable full complex mineral composition.
How to use?
Magonia growing in the garden can be used for different purposes:
- In landscape design. You can use the plant as a tapeworm, that is, in a single planting. And then a small, but beautiful and lush bush will be an excellent decorative element and a bright accent of the site, taking its special place. Also from the linear landing you can create a gorgeous hedge, which is best to let along the fence or, for example, around the gazebo or some other building. If you choose a stunted variety, it can replace the ground cover and be located in the foreground of planting, for example, in front of shorter bushes or tall flowers. A bushes of medium height will be the last level or the original background in mixborders. You can also arrange a few magonias chaotically, mixing them with other plants, and then you get a gorgeous natural or wild garden.
- Since the mahonia bears fruit, you can use it exclusively as a fruit plant and regularly harvest. It is allowed to eat fresh berries, and some of them prepare jams, jams, kissels and other desserts. They are not only tasty, but also useful, because the fruits contain large amounts of vitamin C and other nutrients.
Start growing Magonia to decorate the garden and try healthy berries!
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