What does hCG mean?

Kristina Firsova
Kristina Firsova
March 6, 2013
What does hCG mean?

HCG or human chorionic gonadotropin is a kind of pregnant hormone. It appears only after the woman became pregnant, immediately after conception of the fetus. HCG is responsible for the normal course of pregnancy, the development of the fetus and the health of the mother. It is for this reason that pregnant women take a blood test to check the level of hCG in their blood.

HCG assay reading

The level of hCG in the blood may show that abnormalities have appeared in the development of pregnancy. If, after testing, a low level of hCG in the blood is found, this can be the result of many unpleasant and even dangerous moments. For example, what does HCG mean - a reduced level? This indicates a delay in the proper and full development of the child in the womb. It also suggests that an ectopic pregnancy can develop. Low levels of this hormone in the blood may indicate a threat of miscarriage, as well as death of the fetus. It is very important to pass tests for hCG in a timely manner. They can protect you and prevent disastrous consequences.

High levels of hCG in the blood may also indicate some threats to pregnancy. To detect an increase in hCG in a timely manner is extremely important for the health of the mother and fetus in order to prevent some of the consequences. For example, if the mother has a large amount of gonadotropin in the blood, this may indicate her diabetes. The cause of the increase in hormone levels can be toxicosis. This is not only not a very pleasant moment of pregnancy, but also evidence that there is a threat of miscarriage. Toxicosis is acceptable only in the first two, sometimes three months of pregnancy. At the same time, an increase in the norm of hCG in the blood can be regarded as an incorrectly set period of pregnancy.


Increasing the hormone gonadotropin may indicate more serious problems. If a pregnant girl is found to have elevated hCG, this may be a signal that the child develops Down syndrome. This is a congenital pathology, which is almost impossible to cure. Also, in addition to Down syndrome, many serious pathologies of the fetus are possible if elevated gonadotropin is found in the blood of the mother.

If the level of hCG is increased in women outside of pregnancy, as well as in men, then this indicates the development of serious diseases. It can be all kinds of malignant tumors, cancer, kidney and liver problems.

Analyzes on the determination of pregnancy on the level of hCG pass after seven days of delayed menstruation. The level and norm in the blood is checked at the time of the second blood test. Such an analysis is required to pass after two days after the first blood collection.

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