What is dermatitis?

In this article, you will learn about such an unpleasant disease as dermatitis. We will talk about the different types of dermatitis and how it manifests itself. In addition, the article lists the various causes of dermatitis.

Definition and types of dermatitis

So what is dermatitis? This disease is also called eczema (skin inflammation). The main signs of manifestation: redness, itching and skin irritation. There are several types of dermatitis, which are divided into:

  • acute. Accompanied by severe redness of the skin, as well as suppuration and swelling.
  • moderate. Causes cracks and peeling of the skin.
  • chronic. It is localized in any one part of the body and is of a long-term nature.

Also, dermatitis is:

  • eczematic This type is difficult to cure if it is present in the human body. Very easily transmitted when touched.
  • nonextermic. This type can also occur through direct contact, but here the contact should be longer.

If you are interested in learning about the external signs of this disease, read our article What does dermatitis look like.

Causes of Dermatitis

  • Cold season and dry skin.
  • To provoke the occurrence of this disease can changes in the functioning of the sebaceous glands in the body. In addition, dermatitis can occur as a concomitant disease in diabetes and allergies. In children, it appears against the background of biotin deficiency.
  • As a side effect, it may appear after applying various drugs (ointments, creams) or cosmetic substances to the skin.
  • Fungal infections can also trigger skin inflammation.
  • Experiences as well as prolonged stress.
  • Bacterial infections or SARS (acute respiratory viral infection).
  • Excessive perspiration during physical exertion, as well as during agitation.
  • Long wearing of clothes from synthetic materials.
  • Food allergies caused by nuts, eggs, or dairy products (found in young children).
  • Contact with chemical irritants, such as household chemicals, soaps, cleaning products and others.

The main symptoms of dermatitis

  • Uneven red patches on human skin.
  • Burning, dryness, and itching in inflamed areas.
  • In chronic dermatitis, the skin is injured to deeper layers.
  • The appearance of herpes.
  • Small bubbles of fluid often appear on the limbs.

However, learning about the causes and symptoms of dermatitis is still half the battle. Surely you will be interested in our article on treatment How to treat dermatitis.

And finally, let's talk about such a disease as atopic dermatitis - what it is and how it manifests itself.

Atopic dermatitis - what is it?

In fact, it is quite a common disease, which is allergic in nature. It manifests itself in severe form and strongly affects the skin. Unfortunately, atopic dermatitis is often chronic, as it is caused at the genetic level. It develops more often in early childhood and less often manifests itself at a more mature age. This disease is accompanied by internal disorders in the immune system.

The main symptom of atopic dermatitis is itchy skin. This is followed by unpleasant rash, swelling on the affected area of ​​the skin and scratching. Although it is not very easy, try not to comb the affected areas, as this reduces the protective functions of the skin, which can lead to the development of microbial infections and the appearance of fungal flora.This disease is necessarily treated in a complex, with the normalization of the function of the immune system. Do not self-medicate, consult your doctor, he will help you choose the right drugs and prescribe treatment.

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