What is ohaben and why was he loved in Russia

More and more people are interested in the history of Russia. More often began to ask questions about what and how our ancestors wore. For many, the meaning of the word “ohaben” is not familiar. This is a Russian word for a piece of clothing belonging to the period from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Etymology associates it with the word “encase”, which means embrace, embrace. The name of this item of clothing received, because wearing it, the sleeves remained free, and they were tied at the waist.

In 1377, the Ohaben were already worn in Russia, as evidenced by historical documents. The chronicle says that it was the clothing of kings, princes.

For a long time, from the 15th to the 16th century, only representatives of noble classes wore ohaben. Only after the Royal Decree of 1679, were ordinary people able to try it on.

This is a universal type of decoration worn by women and men. They sewed it from expensive fabrics, decorated with hand embroidery, supplemented with valuable furs.

Ohaben had options for wearing at different times of the year.Having got acquainted closer with an accessory of the past, you begin to understand how conveniently and thoughtfully it was sewn.

Long-faced caftan

Ohaben sewed from velvet, brocade, adorn, Kamka. Only princes and boyars allowed themselves such luxury. The historian Vladimir Klyuchevsky describes: “When the old Russian boyar, in a wide ohabne and high gorlatnaya cap, traveled from the yard on horseback, every oncoming person of a smaller rank in a suit saw that this was indeed a boyar and bowed to him to the ground or to the ground.”

Detailed description

Ohaben is a variant of a long-haired caftan, the distinctive feature of which was the shape and length of the sleeves. In the sleeves in the armhole area there were long cuts. When the ohaben were worn, the hands were threaded into the sleeves and slots, and the free-fall narrow sleeves were tied at the back. Special nodes were not. Despite the complex structure, there was no inconvenience. On the contrary, this version of the sleeve is practical.

The collar had the shape of a quadrangle on the type of folding. The size reached the middle of the back. The fastener was located in front, buttonholes fastened end to end.

Ohaben was considered outerwear for warm seasons.But there were models designed for the cold season. They were supplemented by crocheted collars made of fox fur, fox, beaver.

Video plot

Outerwear of Ancient Russia

What men wore

In the cold season, men wore hats as hats. They were different styles of fur, wool. The felting method was often used. We met the same way:

  • Caps from felt.
  • Bandages.
  • Headbands.

Men's outerwear:

  • Casing
  • Scroll.
  • Single row.
  • Ohaben.
  • Fur coat

Comfortable, practical, common clothing was a scroll - a variant of a long caftan. He did not close his boots, did not interfere with the movements. The quality of the fabric depended on the wealth of the owner.

Fur was used by representatives of different classes, most often it was sheepskin, beaver fur, hare, fox, and arctic fox.

They also wore a long cloak-like cape without sleeves, which was sewed from a cut of linen fabric.

What women wore

As the outerwear, women wore cloth wear. Used buttons from top to bottom. Over the head they wore warm jacket, padding, fur coats.

Short gophers wore rich and poor. For the price of fabric, decoration, decoration, it was determined which class the woman belongs to.In addition, they wore odynoryki, fur coats in a cape.

In cold weather, women put on hats of different styles, trimmed with fur. Bright, colored shawls were worn over fur hats.

Children's clothing

At the age of 6 years, children in Russia did not have outer clothing. If the child had to leave the house during the cold season, the older sisters wore a coat of elders.

A boy from 6 to 15 years old was getting a hoodie.

Video information

Interesting information

Clothing in Russia has long worn not only functional purpose. Slavs believed that it not only protects against bad weather, but also saves the owner from dark forces, evil eye, damage. She served as an amulet, so embroidery and ornaments protected from evil, were considered amulets.

Interestingly, our ancestors did not sew children the decoration of new fabrics. Virtually all children's clothing was made from parents' worn items. The Slavs believed that it was the best talisman for children, so clothes for boys were sewn from father’s things, and for girls from mother’s things.

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Studying the Russian national costume, you can learn a lot of interesting and useful from history. Everything in clothes was thought out and functional.This is what is often lacking in modern things. And if you look closely, then the features of an old Russian caftan can be seen in some modern models of coats and raincoats. Fashionable capes also remotely resemble it.



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