What the glands look like

Instruction
The glands, or tonsils, are clusters of lymphoid tissues that are located in the nasopharynx. They are paired, palatal, tubal, unpaired, pharyngeal and lingual. On the surface of the glands are small holes and grooves, which are called crypts, or lacunae - they are folds that significantly increase the area of ​​the glands. In these folds, the glands accumulate antigens (markers of proteins foreign to the human body) and perform their immunological analysis, on the basis of which extraneous dangerous microorganisms are destroyed by the immune system.
Of the pathological conditions of the glands, congenital defects such as their bifurcation or the presence of accessory lobes are most common. The number of acquired pathologies includes hypertrophy of the palatine and pharyngeal tonsils, which develops in childhood and does not require treatment in the absence of functional disorders of the organ. Otherwise, conservative treatment is prescribed, which, if not effective, is replaced with a surgical procedure such as tonsillotomy or tonsillectomy.
If a white bloom appeared in the tonsils, you should not rush to diagnose angina - it can be just a cluster of white blood cells, which can be easily cleaned with a seven-fold daily rinse with a special solution. To prepare it, dilute 1 teaspoon of soda, 1 tablespoon of salt and a couple of drops of iodine in a glass of moderately hot water.
In the presence of closed purulent abscesses in the glands, the pathogenic bacteria usually infect the laryngeal membranes in places where the pus has no way out. Therefore, purulent angina must be urgently treated so that the toxic contents of the tonsils do not spread throughout the human body and do not cause the development of such serious diseases as rheumatism, pyelonephritis, heart failure and joint damage. Purulent plugs in the glands are usually opened with a sterile medical scalpel, after which the patient's condition improves immediately. The treatment is accompanied by antibacterial therapy, including not only medical preparations, but also antiseptic solutions for rinsing the opened tonsils.


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